نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
In this article, based on Carl Schmitt's view of politics and focusing on the concept of evil in the teachings of Zoroastrianism, we read Zoroastrian beliefs and ideas of the formation of the Sassanid Empire. According to the authors, in Zoroastrian teachings, the concept of evil takes on a concrete, existential and fundamental concept (not non-existent, as we see in Muslim philosophers), resulting in increasing confusion. There is a connection between the good and evil teachings of Zoroaster (morality) and the daily life of the people. The concreteness of morality in Zoroastrian teachings gives these teachings a high capacity to empower the political. Thus, the Sassanids, with their friendly and hostile dualities of "Sassanid-Parthian", "Sassanid-Roman", etc., while pursuing a policy based on the Schmidt political cause, also sought the unity and integrity of the new empire. This unity, while drawing strength from Zoroastrian teachings, was also a new innovation in these teachings, an innovation that derived Zoroastrian beliefs from religious teachings based on antitheses. He turned good and evil into political ideas based on the antitheses of friend and foe.