نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The systematic nature of political competitions is regarded as one of the challenges of political systems, especially the religion-based political system. This paper aims at presenting theological approaches founded on theological jurisprudence and the theoretical framework of competition within the regime. To achieve this, the article suggests strategic focus on the vertices of theological geometry and proposes solutions such as the moderate and diverse political theology, the maximum political participation based on the divine-communal legitimacy, and the development of plurality and political freedom, Islamic broadmindedness, and religious political education, each of which can cover some aspects of such systems. The focus of article on the moderate and diverse political theology which includes an extreme end of absolute nature and on the other end a secularist minimum explains the separation of religion in various biological fields and areas of management based on the textual and metaphysical facts of Islam; in this respect, apart from the obligatory rulings, in Islamic view, a significant part of human life is separate from religious obligations and is distinguishable; there are generalities in all fields; in some areas generalities exist with some details. In the divine and public legitimacy the acceptance and satisfaction of the majority of the people is regarded as the judicial principle of “part of cause “for the legitimacy of judicial authority and government without which such authority cannot be considered legitimate and cannot be exercised. On the other hand, in Islam, political plurality is accepted in accordance with the laws of the religious community. And the verses 13 of Hijab Sura, 48 of Ma'edeh Surah, and 251 of Baqarah imply pluralism. Religious and political tolerance also contributes to systematizing the environment and political behavior of the religious community.