نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Ernesto Laclau, the Post-Marxist theorist strives to re-examine problems of Marxism byimplementing a Poststructuralist approach and developing discourse theory. Political subject is one of the issues which classic Marxism has always faced with and considering thesocial and political changes today it has become further complicated. Laclau uses discoursetheory for defning and reviving political subject and identifes subject in discourse as “Subject Positions”. With antagonism among discourses and their dislocation the subject goesthrough an identity crisis and has no choice but to re-identify, and by doing so, the subjectis reintroduced as “subject as the distance from undecidability to decision”. In the last step,Laclau’s Populism theory indicates formation of collective and truly political subject whichis considered his most important theory. According to the results of this study, Laclau’s theory about subject as the distance from undecidability to decision is the most philosophicalpart of his theory which engages him in a dialogue with the prominent philosophers of thehistory and recreates the possibility of talking about subject.