نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد کرمانشاه
عنوان مقاله [English]
The understanding of significances and political implications of Farabi's thought by considering decision criteria based on dialogue and also basing political assumptions on the relationship between free and equal human beings in “general field”, is forming the main purpose of this research. The researchers by conducting an accurate research on the main system of Farabi's political philosophy, believe that this Muslim philosopher is ignoring “public domain” or in other words “public interest”, by preferring boss over society and basing the utopian city on superior boss, putting him in the place of a normative and the channel of supreme good and ultimate bliss. Thus, citizenship category, in its classic and Aristotelian meaning “participatory existence”, is abstained on the thought. Current research explains the connection between thought and politic in a particular perspective and by relaying on the scientific logic and the theoretical framework of Hannah Arendt. According to Arendt, politics is merely the product of free and equal human beings’ relationship in the public domain. Obstruction of public domain and appointing a hierarchical system on society will only lead to violence. The current research has applied an analytical and interpretative method through analyzing of available contexts, collected information and reasons in order to prove its claim, hence it concluded that Farabi is promoting a specific type of politics in the horizon of Islamic thoughts that justifies violence in its Arendt verbal form by making society dependent on primary superior and it blocks the path to dialogue and advent of a free and participatory citizen.