نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Security policy and literature in the information age face new and formidable challenges. The virtual weapon is a new addition to the arsenal of states. Security planners have to decipher its meaning for strategy and redefine past mechanisms based on the new situation. One of these important mechanisms that shaped successfully the strategic logic of cold war, is deterrence. Understanding the deterrence in cyberspace is often difficult because our minds are captured by Cold War images of deterrence as threatening massive retaliation to a nuclear attack by nuclear means. The analogy to nuclear deterrence is misleading. Preventing the harms in cyberspace involves complex mechanisms such as threats of punishment, denial, entanglement, and norms. Jervis once wrote about “three waves of deterrence theory” in the nuclear era. Theorizing about deterrence in the cyber era is emerging from only its first wave. Formulate an effective strategy in the cyber era, requires a deeper understanding of the multiple dimensions of deterrence in the cyber domain, but it is a mistake to see the cyber realm in isolation.