نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید
عنوان مقاله [English]
In this paper, we seek to study the role of capital in the current global political economy and Iran by using the theoretical framework of Autonomism; what is said by the post-Marxist thinkers such as Antonio Negri, Michael Hart, Mario Trounti, Paulo Verno, and others about state, civil society, labor force, and capital. In the first case, there are three situations in which Gramsci expresses the relation between the state and the civil society. The autonomous view points to the unity of state and capital, the collapse of the civil society, and the appearance of all the realms of human life in the state, which is also the result of changes in the global political economic system since the 1970s, which ultimately could conquer all fields and the human life of capital since the 1970s. Development of capitalist relations in Iran, mainly after the end of the war, and since 1990 (1368), by implementing policies such as labor force commodification, various mechanisms for capital accumulation, as well as neoliberal structural adjustment policies (such as currency liberalization, privatization , removing barriers to WTO membership, targeting subsidies and removing subsidies, etc.) was pursued continuously by the Hashemi, Khatami and Ahmadinejad governments. In this regard, the implementation of these policies, whose ultimate goal is to accumulate more capital and to make all the realms of human life in pursuit of this goal, is seen as a kind of state between capital and capital which is intended by Autonomists.