نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد زاهدان
2 دانشگاه علوم آکادمی تاجیکستان
عنوان مقاله [English]
By stablishing Feudalist Theory as a rival theory for Oriental Despotism Theory, the paper's main focus will be on Feudalist Theory as well as analyzing other related theories in the area and its principal hypothesis, emergence and reinforcing Oriental Despotism in Iran because of foreign tribes attacks. The analysis of the mentioned hypothesis will be carried out based on following points: first of all, existence of a feudalist period in Iranian history in ancient Iran that during the Sassanid dynasty reached its peak, is a strong evidence that approves the hypothesis; secondly, emergence of Oriental Despotism in Iran can not be only related to climatic conditions and the occupation of Iran by aggressive tribes with different culture, but Iran’s feudal culture paved the way toward gradual solidification of despotism in Iran. The study pays attention to the mentioned points and in doing so, the history of Iran is analyzed in a relatively new approach.